International report confirms that 2014 was Earth’s warmest year on record. The most essential indicators of climate change shows a warming trend around the world, setting several new records in land and ocean temperature, sea levels and greenhouse gases. – NOAA’s Center for Weather and Climate
A recent report was created recently based on contributions from 413 scientists of 58 nations around the world, which shows the current picture of global climate change. The report compiled and analyzed by NOAA’s Center for Weather and Climate at the National Centers for Environmental Information provides a detailed update of the ocean and land temperature rise, sea-level rise, greenhouse gases, notable weather events and other related data from weather stations and instruments located on land, water, ice, and in space.
“There are a variety of indicators that clearly show how the global climate is changing. It’s not just the rise in temperature, but factors from the depths of the oceans to the outer atmosphere,” said Thomas R. Karl, Director of NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information.
A new study published online on June 4, 2015 in the journal Science indicates that the rate of global warming is showing no signs of slowing down. In fact, during the last 15 years the rate of global warming has been as fast as or faster than that seen during the last 50 years of the 20th Century.
The Key Highlights of the Report
Record temperatures observed near the Earth’s surface: Four independent global datasets confirmed that 2014 was the warmest year on record. Almost all regions of the world reported record high temperature, except Eastern North America, which showed below-average annual temperatures.
- Greenhouse gases keep climbing higher: All major greenhouse gases including carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide concentration in the atmosphere measured significantly higher.
- Tropical Pacific Ocean moves towards El Niño-Southern Oscillation conditions: The El Niño-Southern Oscillation was in a neutral state during 2014. Although it was on the cool side at the beginning of the year, it warmed up towards the end. This pattern influenced the climatic conditions of several regions.
- Record high sea surface temperatures: The globally averaged sea surface temperature was the highest on record.
- Global upper ocean heat content was record high: Globally, upper ocean heat content reached a record high for the year. This shows a continuous accumulation of heat energy in the upper layer of the ocean surface.
- Sea levels rose to record high: Record sea level rise was reported around the world in the year 2014. Scientists have observed 3.2 ± 0.4 mm trend in sea level rise every year over the past two decades.
- Arctic ice continue to melt: The Arctic experienced its fourth warmest year in 2014 since records began in the early 20th century. Arctic snow melt occurred 20-30 days earlier than the 1998-2010 average.
- Temperature patterns in Antarctic sea ice extended to a record high: Temperature patterns across the Antarctic showed strong seasonal and regional patterns of warmer-than-normal conditions. This caused the sea ice to extend over a record area of 7.78 million square miles on September 20.
- Tropical cyclones above average: There were 91 tropical cyclones in 2014, well above the 1981-2010 average of 82 storms.
Global warming is real. There is enough evidence and data to prove that global warming and climate change is happening right now. Global warming will change the weather patterns, it will affect your health and wellbeing, and it will also change the crops and the food that grows around the world. Act now, fight global warming.
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Related articles and resources:
- NOAA Climate.gov | science & information for a climate-smart nation
- Climate Change will also Change your Food | Environmental Professionals Network
- Effects of Climate change on our Health and Wellbeing | Environmental Professionals Network
- How to Convince your Friends that Climate Change is Real | Environmental Professionals Network
- 5 Facts to Know About Global Warming | Environmental Professionals Network
- International report confirms: 2014 was Earth’s warmest year on record: Climate markers continue to show global warming trend — ScienceDaily
- Science publishes new NOAA analysis: Data show no recent slowdown in global warming.